- 1 NY Wrongful Death Attorneys at HURT-911®
- 1.1 What’s a Wrongful Death Case Worth in New York?
- 1.2 Damages You Are Entitled to for Wrongful Death in NY
- 1.3 Dealing with Bills and Financial Issues after a Wrongful Death
- 1.4 Obtaining the Police Report, Autopsy Report, and Certificate of Death
- 1.5 Who Can File A Lawsuit for Wrongful Death?
- 1.6 Who May Be Responsible for Causing the Wrongful Death of Your Loved One
- 1.7 Can You Sue for Wrongful Death or Pain & Suffering?
- 1.8 Asset Search
- 1.9 Umbrella Insurance Search
- 1.10 Legal Fee for Wrongful Death
- 1.11 Time Limits for Filing a NY Wrongful Death Claim
- 1.12 Why You Need to Call a NY Wrongful Death Lawyer Quickly
NY Wrongful Death Attorneys at HURT-911®
Representing a family member due to the wrongful death of a loved one is the most difficult type of personal injury case we have. Obviously, the emotional toll on you is inconceivable but there is an emotional toll on us as well. That’s why we do more than just represent you for your loved one’s wrongful death claim. We want to minimize the stress you don’t need at this emotional time.
When someone is killed in an accident because of negligence, the surviving family is not only left with a devastating emotional loss but many financial and other issues. You may want to know what really happened and we will find out. Sometimes, that can actually give you some peace of mind. We are really here to help and not just with your wrongful death claim.
What’s a Wrongful Death Case Worth in New York?
While every personal injury case is different, it’s even more true with wrongful death. But we will try to give you a general idea here.
The least valuable type of wrongful death case is still valuable. This is where the deceased died instantly without pain and suffering; did not have any pre-accident terror; and did not have a spouse, children, or parents dependent upon him or her for support. Even this type of tragic accident can still be worth a lot of money. We settled a wrongful death case for $500,000 for a 20-year-old who was killed instantly; not employed; not married, and had no children.
A wrongful death case can be worth many millions more when there is pain-and-suffering before death and the deceased was earning a living with anyone dependent upon the deceased for support.
Since 2017, pre-accident or pre-impact terror has become an extremely valuable part of a wrongful death case. In 2017, for the first time, the New York State Appellate Division upheld many millions of dollars for pre-impact terror, see In Re: 91st Street Crane Collapse Litigation, 54 A.D.3d 139, 62 N.Y.S.3d 11 (1st Dept. 2017)
Damages You Are Entitled to for Wrongful Death in NY
New York is one of the few states where a jury may not make an award for mental anguish or loss of companionship. In New York, pain and suffering of the deceased and loss of financial support are the largest part of the compensation you are entitled to.
New York State allows the following types of compensation for wrongful death:
- The deceased’s pain and suffering prior to death (we retain a medical expert to prove the amount of pain and suffering).
- The deceased’s pre-accident or pre-impact terror (the fleeting moment when the decedent knows he/she is about to die).
- Loss of financial support of the deceased, voluntary assistance, and possible inheritance.
- The deceased’s medical bills related to the accident.
- Burial and funeral expenses. (see funeral expenses paid by no-fault in a car accident).
- Punitive damages may be awarded if the accident was caused by more than mere negligence. An example is a DWI – drunk driver or a driver on drugs.
- Children, and in New York even adult children, can claim loss of parental guidance for the wrongful death of a parent. Law review article: Calculating Damages for Loss of Parental Nurture.
- 9% interest on the damages award, calculated from the date of death.
The “pecuniary injuries” (financial loss) caused by the death of a decedent who was earning income may be calculated, in part, from factors relevant to the decedent’s earning potential, such as present and future earnings, the potential for advancement, and the probability of means to support heirs, as well as factors pertaining to the decedent’s age, character and condition, and the circumstances of the distributees. Gonzalez v New York City Hous. Auth., 77 N.Y.2d 663, 572 N.E.2d 598, 569 N.Y.S.2d 915
Individuals without a spouse or children may not be financially “valuable” in the eyes of New York State law but the financial loss can be proven. In the case of a decedent who was not a wage earner, “pecuniary injuries” may be calculated, in part, from the increased expenditures required to continue the services she provided, as well as the compensable losses of a personal nature, such as loss of guidance. Gonzalez v New York City Hous. Auth.
When lawyers do not properly prepare the evidence needed, they often settle these cases for far too little. It is vitally important to hire the right expert witnesses to prove that the deceased had some time of pain and suffering and/or terror, even if only for a few seconds, and that there was a financial loss.
Dealing with Bills and Financial Issues after a Wrongful Death
After a wrongful death accident, many bills will come in the mail ranging from ambulance, hospital, and funeral bills to a cell phone bill, car payments, rent or mortgage, insurance, and many other bills.
You most likely will not have to pay any bills which were in the name of the deceased but you will get calls from collection agents. We can help you with eliminating the bills and we can keep collection agents from bothering you. We can take care of these problems for you, at no extra charge, so you don’t have to deal with them during your time of loss.
Paying for the funeral bill and other financial needs
If you urgently need money to replace the income of a loved one, we can quickly arrange a lawsuit cash advance which is paid back at the end of your case and only if we get money for you.
Transferring ownership of your loved one’s car
If the deceased owned a car, we can help you with the vehicle finance agreement or lease and insurance issues. We can also help you to transfer ownership of the car. NYS DMV allows transfer of ownership of one vehicle from a deceased without going through probate.
Do you think your loved one may have had assets you don’t know about?
just let us know if you think your loved one may have had assets you don’t know about or don’t know where they are. We can find out if your loved one had a safe deposit box or other assets you may not know about.
Keeping your loved one’s voice and cell phone messages for prosperity
Whether or not you want to keep the cell phone activated for a while, you may want to keep a copy of voicemail messages. If you want to download a copy of voicemail messages to or from a loved one from a cell phone or landline answering machine, you can use voicemailsforever.com. It’s inexpensive but we’ll pay the fee for our clients.
Obtaining the Police Report, Autopsy Report, and Certificate of Death
We will obtain a copy of the police report, autopsy report, and certificate of death for you. You don’t need to spend time doing these things.
Who Can File A Lawsuit for Wrongful Death?
If there is a will, the executor or executrix or someone listed in a will can file a wrongful death lawsuit.
If there is no will, a distributee pursuant to New York State law can file a wrongful death lawsuit. This may be a spouse, children, parents, and/or siblings.
The Estate And Family Of Illegal Aliens Have Can Sue for Wrongful Death
The estate or family members of illegal aliens/immigrants can have a lawsuit for wrongful death when the illegal alien is killed in an accident or because of negligence. The family members also do not have to be a U.S. citizen or a legal resident. The family members may also be illegal aliens. Read about how we can represent and help illegal aliens.
Who May Be Responsible for Causing the Wrongful Death of Your Loved One
We will investigate thoroughly to find all possible people, companies, and government entities who may be responsible. After we have identified the responsible parties, we don’t just stop after notifying their insurance companies. Next, we perform asset searches and umbrella insurance searches.
Can You Sue for Wrongful Death or Pain & Suffering?
It’s a very confusing topic, even for lawyers! Do you sue for wrongful death or sue for personal injury pain and suffering? The most confusing part is at the end of the case when the settlement money is ready to be distributed. Should the money be paid for wrongful death or pain and suffering?
As mentioned above, NY state doesn’t have a wrongful death statute like other states because, in New York, you can only get money for the reasons in the bullet list above but you cannot get money for mental anguish. However, the Surrogate’s Court will look at the papers submitted by the lawyer to determine whether the money should be distributed pursuant to wrongful death or pain and suffering.
When the settlement money is ready to be distributed, there is a big difference between paying the money for wrongful death and pain and suffering
Settlement money paid for wrongful death
If the settlement money is paid for wrongful death, the money bypasses the estate and is paid to family members according to the New York statute and ordered by the Surrogate’s Court.
Settlement money paid for pain and suffering
If the settlement money is paid for pain and suffering, the money is paid to the estate. If the accident victim died without a will, an administrator will have to be appointed (we pay an estate lawyer with our own money and provide this service to you for free). If the accident victim died with a will, the will appoints an executor. Either with or without a will, an estate has to be created.
If the estate owes money for debts, the settlement money will be used to pay the debts of the estate. The settlement money will be distributed to the persons included in the will or pursuant to New York State statute for people who die without a will (this distribution will be different than the statutes pertaining to wrongful death).
We perform an asset search to determine if there are any assets that may be needed to satisfy a judgment for wrongful death due to negligence. We pay for access to a database that will show real estate owned, cars, boats, planes, and other assets. We also get a report showing all bank accounts.
Umbrella Insurance Search
We also perform an umbrella insurance search to determine if there is any additional insurance coverage that may be available to satisfy a judgment for wrongful death due to negligence. There is more than one lawyer who has found that an insurance company failed to disclose the existence of umbrella insurance. The only way to know for sure is to search the national Claims Loss Underwriting Exchange.
Our legal fee to represent you for the wrongful death of a loved one is 1/3 of what we collect for you. There is no fee if we do not collect money for you and our legal fee is paid at the end of the case out of the money we collect. We will advance case expenses which are paid back at the end of the case and you are not responsible for any case expenses unless we collect money for you.
Some of the services we provide you at no extra charge include:
- Advice and assistance regarding bills coming in the mail which you may not need to pay
- Transfer of car ownership
- Estate work
- Guardianship proceedings, if there are children.
NO Legal Fee for Estate Work for Wrongful Death
We can save you thousands of dollars in legal fees.
If the deceased died without a will, an Administrator (male) or Administratrix (female) must be appointed to be in charge of the estate. Where more than one person wants to be in charge of the estate, there can be co-administrators. If the deceased died with a will, the will must be probated. If there are children, guardianship proceedings will be required.
This was taken from a template letter used by another well-known personal injury law firm, which they send after the client meets with them:
In order to proceed with your case, we will need to have an estate representative appointed.
As such, we suggest that you retain an estate attorney, [name removed], an expert in estate matters, who often assists our office with estate proceedings. We have given Mr. X your telephone number so he may contact you to discuss your case. You can, of course, contact him directly at (XXX) XXX-XXXX to ensure that he has all the appropriate information to complete this process.
Of course, when you contact their estate attorney, you will find the estate legal fees will be thousands of dollars and you may have to pay that upfront!
We really do care about our clients so we pay an estate lawyer out of our pocket to perform the estate legal services necessary for a wrongful death case, in the event that someone is killed and the family doesn’t want to hire an estate lawyer.
We do not add the estate fees to your bill at the end of your case!
We use an estate attorney who does estate work in New York Surrogates Courts. Of course, you can use your own estate attorney if you want to.
Time Limits for Filing a NY Wrongful Death Claim
If a government agency is involved needs to be sued, a notice of claim must be filed before a wrongful death lawsuit can be filed. The notice of claim usually must be filed within 90 days and the lawsuit must be filed within one year and 90 days.
The statute of limitations to file a wrongful death lawsuit in New York (when a government agency is not involved) is 2 years from the date of death. This is important because it is one year shorter than the 3-year statute of limitations for personal injury.
Why You Need to Call a NY Wrongful Death Lawyer Quickly
Most attorneys don’t want to accept a case just before the statute runs because it can take a few months for proper investigation, so don’t wait until just before your time runs out. Additionally, it’s important to investigate aspects of the accident immediately.
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Philip L. Franckel, Esq. is one of the Personal Injury Dream Team™ Founding Partners at 1-800-HURT-911® New York; He has a 10 Avvo rating; Avvo Client’s Choice with all 5-star reviews; Avvo Top Contributor; and a former Member of the Board of Directors of the New York State Trial Lawyers Association.
Robert Plevy, Esq. is one of the Personal Injury Dream Team™ Founding Partners at 1-800-HURT-911® New York. Robert began his legal career in 1993 as an Assistant Corporation Counsel defending The City of New York against personal injury lawsuits.